Parution : Mehmet Ali Neyzi, The Imperial School for Tribes. Educating the Provincial Elite in the Late Ottoman Empire, Bloomsbury, 2023


The Imperial School for Tribes
Educating the Provincial Elite in the Late Ottoman Empire
Mehmet Ali Neyzi (Author)






Founded in the waning years of the Ottoman Empire, the Imperial School for Tribes (Asiret Mektebi) was an initiative by Sultan Abdulhamid II to bring the sons of prominent Arab tribal leaders to Istanbul for a world-class education and transform them into loyal Ottoman future military and governmental leaders.
Utilizing a plethora of new documents recently made available in the Ottoman archives as well as Ottoman newspaper collections in Istanbul and Beirut, this is the first book to shed light on the School for Tribes. It provides a detailed analysis of the origins and families of the over 500 graduates of the school, as well as the recruitment and placement processes developed by the administration. The further careers and allegiances of the graduates are examined, allowing us to better understand relations between Turks and Arabs both during the last years of the Empire as well as in the following decades. The book shows that many graduates who became prominent leaders in their newly formed countries, including Abdulmuhsin al-Sadoun (Prime Minister of Iraq), Omar Mansour and Orhan Kologlu (Prime Ministers of Cyrenaica-Libya), and Ramadan al-Shallash (Lebanon) availed of their Ottoman training and preserved their imperial loyalties even as rifts that occurred between the Republic of Turkey and the Arab states widened.


Table of Contents

Chapter 1 – The Asiret Mektebi : A Chronology

Chapter 2 – Recruitment and Placement
The Inauguration
Quotas Vs Actual Enrollment
Greater Syria
Hijaz and Yemen
Kurds, Albanians and Javanese
A New Breed of Soldiers and Bureaucrats

Chapter 3 – Educators and Curriculum
Directors of the School

Chapter 4 – Lifestories – Greater Syria
The No-Man’s-Land of Deir Ez-Zor
Ramadan Shallash, National Hero or Collaborator?
The Hawran Druze
Fahd al-Atrash and His Family
The Merhebis of Akkar

Chapter 5 – Lifestories – Libya
The Memoirs of a Graduate – Omar Mansour
“Arap Kaymakam” – Orhan Kologlu
The Sons of Sheikh Zafir and Other Libyan Students

Chapter 6 – Lifestories – Iraq
The Saadun Family of Muntafiq
The Prime Minister Who Committed Suicide – Abdulmuhsin Saadun



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Chargé de diffusion scientifique (2023, 31 mai). Parution : Mehmet Ali Neyzi, The Imperial School for Tribes. Educating the Provincial Elite in the Late Ottoman Empire, Bloomsbury, 2023. IISMM. Consulté le 18 avril 2024, à l’adresse

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