Appel à communications / colloque : “The Narrative of Islamic violence in History. Creation, artifice and reality”, ICS, University of Navarra, the 14th-15th of December 2018 – LIMITE : 30/04/2018
In the last two centuries, Western colonialism has developed and convinced the majority of the world’s cultural areas that the best and strongest state institution is rooted in the ideology of a “national state” and a free-market economy.
With the end of the Cold War the same position has been updated through a wider ideological inspiration based on the ethical “superiority” of the Democratic system, but also on an economic “neo-liberalist” attitude, which in contrast with previous Democratic values, emphasized the disempowerment of the “welfare system” and trade unions (the Reagan-Thatcher model based on the Chicago Boys’ theory).
The huge difficulties of the world to adapt itself to this “position” have been seen in the contemporary age and part of the instability of the world’s economy has remained deeply related to the “laissez-faire” economic ideology and the increasing abduction of CEOs by “politicians”.
In parallel, and with the collapse of the Soviet Union, a “generally” identified Islamic religion in its most conservative and fundamentalist attitude, although exploited in the 1980s during the last military confrontation against Russia in Afghanistan, became, in the popular US narrative and collective imagination, the new enemy.
Its anti-global and anti-Western attitude was depicted, presented and analyzed, with terrorist groups banned while their was ideologically described.
However, was this narrative real or has it been artificially created?
During Post-colonialism, Arab terrorism was unequivocally identified with the Palestinian secular organizations such as al-Fatah, PFLP, Black September etc. However, in the 1990s, the IsraeliPalestinian peace process attempt partially weakened the imagery of the Palestinian threat to world peace, focusing only on Hamas and the Islamic Jihad Movement of Palestine or towards short-lived “state autocratic figures” such as Saddam Hussein and Slobodan Milosevic.
However, since the 1970s new-Conservative thought in the USA and with greater impetus after the 1990s, with the “Clash of Civilization theory,” has generally identified Islam and its violence as a threat to World Peace.
Even though Islamic global terrorism (al-Qaeda) started to materialize through the terrorist attacks in Kenya and Tanzania (1998), the narrative on a “general” Islamic inability to be part of the world community, their anti-Global inability to believe in a “Plural world”, together with their attempt to purify the Middle East from religious minorities, their unfitness to share common – democratic values, their misogynist behaviour, has been “launched” as something to fight and be annihilated through a new form of “Cultural” colonialism.