Boissellier, Stéphane & Tolan, John (dir.), La cohabitation religieuse dans les villes Européennes, Xe – XVe siècles. Religious cohabitation in European towns (10th-15th centuries), Turnhout, Brepols, 2014, 326p.

boisseillerMedieval towns, from Portugal to Hungary to Egypt, were places of contact between members of different religious communities, Muslim, Christian and Jewish, who rubbed shoulders in the ports and on the streets, who haggled in the markets, signed contracts, and shared wells, courtyards, dining tables, bath houses, and sometimes beds.  These interactions caused legal problems from the point of view of the Jewish, Christian and Muslim judicial scholars of the middle ages, not to mention for the rulers of these towns.  These legal attempts to define and solve the problems posed by interreligious relations are the subject of this volume, which brings together the work of seventeen scholars from nine countries (France, Italy, Spain, Hungary, Portugal, Lebanon, Israel, Tunisia, USA),  specialists in history, law, archeology and religion.

John Tolan is professor of Medieval History at the University of Nantes and author of numerous articles and books in medieval history and cultural studies. He currently is director of a major project funded by the European Research Council, “RELMIN: The legal status of religious minorities in the Euro-Mediterranean world (5th-15th centuries)” (www.relmin.eu).

Stéphane Boissellier is full professor of medieval history at the University of Poitiers (France) ; author of books and articles about medieval social and economic history. He leads a scientific program (“Espagne-Méditerranée : Normativité et territorialité des faits sociaux”) within the Centre d’Etudes Supérieures de Civilisation Médiévale (U. Poitiers-CNRS)

Table of Contents

Stéphane Boissellier, Introduction

Le cadre légal des minorités religieuses dans les villes médiévales—fondations textuelles / The Legal Context of Religious Minorities in Medieval Towns—Textual Foundations

Alejandro García Sanjuán, Limitaciones en las relaciones entre musulmanes y ḏimmíes en la tradición legal malikí: las normas sobre el saludo – Diego Quaglioni, Entre Italie et Allemagne. Les relations judéo-chrétiennes à la fin du Moyen Age: l’affaire de Trento (1475-1478) – Tahar Mansouri, Les dhimmis dans les documents de chancellerie de l’époque mamelouke Farid Bouchiba, Cohabitation religieuse et pratiques alimentaires à Cordoue au XI-XIIe siècles d’après le grand Qādī Ibn Rušd al-ğadd (m. 520/1126)

La géographie religieuse des villes médiévales : aljama et ghetto / Religious Geography in Medieval Towns : Aljama and Ghetto

Aleida Paudice, Religious Identity and Space in Venetian Candia Dominique Valerian, La présence des musulmans étrangers dans les ports chrétiens – Pierre Moukarzel, La législation des autorités religieuses et politiques sur les marchands européens dans le sultanat mamelouk (1250-1517) – Brian Catlos, Is It “Country Air” that Makes Infidels Free? Religious Diversity in the Non-Urban Environment of the Medieval Crown of Aragon and Beyond

La promiscuité urbaine et ses implications pour le droit religieux / Urban Promiscuity and its Implications for Religious Law

Elisheva Baumgarten, “These are Their Holy Days”: Jewish Conceptions of the Christian Ritual Cycle in Medieval Germany and Northern France Olivia Constable, Cleanliness, Godliness, and Urban Bathhouses in Medieval Spain – Filomena Barros, Les musulmans portugais: la justice entre la normativité chrétienne et la normativité islamique

Justice et régulation de conflits dans les villes médiévales / Justice and Conflict Resolution in Medieval Towns

Ahmed Oulddali, L’accusation d’outrage envers les musulmans à travers une fatwa rendue à Tlemcen en l’an 849/1445 – Katalin Szende, Laws, Loans, Literates: Jewish-Christian Contacts in the Towns of Medieval Hungary from the Mid-Thirteenth to the Mid-Fifteenth Century Youna Masset, Les relations interconfessionnelles à Tortose, entre norme et pratique (2ème moitié du XIIIe siècle-premier quart du XIVe siècle) Rena Lauer, Jewish Women in Venetian Candia: Negotiating Intercommunal Contact in a Premodern Colonial City, 1300-1500

John Tolan, Conclusion

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