Burke III, Edmund, The Ethnographic State : France and the Invention of Moroccan Islam, Berkley & Los Angeles, University of California, 2014, 288p.
Alone among Muslim countries, Morocco is known for its own national form of Islam, “Moroccan Islam.” However, this pathbreaking study reveals that Moroccan Islam was actually invented in the early twentieth century by French ethnographers and colonial officers who were influenced by British colonial practices in India. Between 1900 and 1920, these researchers compiled a social inventory of Morocco that in turn led to the emergence of a new object of study, Moroccan Islam, and a new field, Moroccan studies. In the process, they resurrected the monarchy and reinvented Morocco as a modern polity.
This is an important contribution for scholars and readers interested in questions of orientalism and empire, colonialism and modernity, and the invention of traditions.
Introduction: Inventing Moroccan Islam
1 France and the Sociology of Islam, 1798–1890
2 The Algerian Origins of Moroccan Studies, 1890–1903
3 The Political Origins of the Moroccan Colonial Archive
4 When Paradigms Shift: Political and Discursive Contexts of the Moroccan Question
5 Tensions of Empire, 1900–1912
NATIVE POLICY MOROCCO
6 Social Research in the Technocolony, 1912–1925
7 Berber Policy: Tribe and State
8 Urban Policy: Fez and the Muslim City
9 The Invention of Moroccan Islam
10 From the Ethnographic State to Moroccan Islam
A Note on Sources