Fernando, Mayanthi L., The Republic Unsettled : Muslim French and the Contradictions of Secularism, Durham, Duke University Press, 2014, 328p.
In 1989 three Muslim schoolgirls from a Paris suburb refused to remove their Islamic headscarves in class. The headscarf crisis signaled an Islamic revival among the children of North African immigrants; it also ignited an ongoing debate about the place of Muslims within the secular nation-state. Based on ten years of ethnographic research, The Republic Unsettled alternates between an analysis of Muslim French religiosity and the contradictions of French secularism that this emergent religiosity precipitated. Mayanthi L. Fernando explores how Muslim French draw on both Islamic and secular-republican traditions to create novel modes of ethical and political life, reconfiguring those traditions to imagine a new future for France. She also examines how the political discourses, institutions, and laws that constitute French secularism regulate Islam, transforming the Islamic tradition and what it means to be Muslim. Fernando traces how long-standing tensions within secularism and republican citizenship are displaced onto France’s Muslims, who, as a result, are rendered illegitimate as political citizens and moral subjects. She argues, ultimately, that the Muslim question is as much about secularism as it is about Islam.
- Introduction 1
- Field Notes I: “Vive la Republique Plurielle” 29
- 1. “The Republic Is Mine” 33
- 2. Indifference, or the Right to Citizenship 69
- Field Notes II: Friday Prayers 101
- 3. “A Memorial to the Future” 105
- 4. Reconfiguring Freedom 145
- Field Notes III: A Tale of Two Manifestos 181
- 5. Of Mimicry and Woman 185
- 6. Asymmetries of Tolerance 221
- Epilogue 261
- Notes 267
- References 285
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