Appel à communications : Workshop “Bureaucratization of Islam in Muslim States and Societies”, Center for Interdisciplinary Research (ZIF), Université de Bielefeld (Allemagne), 23-24/10/2014 — LIMITE : 20/08/2014

Bureaucratization of Islam in Muslim States and SocietiesWorkshop to be held 23­‐24 October, 2014

Center for Interdisciplinary Research (ZIF), Bielefeld University, Germany

 

Organizer : Aaron Glasserman (Princeton University/ZiF)

The umma today encompasses a constellation of social, political, and governmental organizations that both unite and differentiate Muslims along national, sectarian, philosophical, and jurisprudential lines. Some of these organizations are means of state management of religion—a government may establish a ministry of religious affairs to manage or manipulate religious practice, propagation, and education. Others are international organizations that aim to strengthen transnational Muslim solidarity and compete with governments and local authorities to define and promote a particular conception of ‘true’ Islam. Still others fall in the middle of this spectrum and must negotiate a semiofficial position in which they must both earn government support and cultivate popular legitimacy as a genuinely Islamic (and not merely administrative) institution. These structures have arisen throughout the Muslim world, both in Muslim-­‐majority and Muslim-­‐minority states, and both in states that are hostile or friendly vis-­‐à-­‐vis Islam and religion in general.

Despite this varied landscape, these structures are all manifestations of the bureaucratization of Islam, a major trend in the Muslim world and the subject of this workshop. The workshop will proceed with a broad understanding of bureaucratization of Islam, which we define as the process by which governments, organizations, or any of the other entities described above monitor, systematize, or control Islamic education, appointment of Islamic religious personnel (e.g. imams, qadis), publication of Islamic texts, and interpretation of Islamic law and scripture. Bureaucratization of Islam may occur as part of a larger process of expanding state control, but it may also occur in response to or even against such expansion. Even though ‘bureaucratization’ is conventionally understood as a state-­‐driven process, this workshop will also take it to refer to the range of transformations religious communities and institutions undergo in the face of expanding government bureaucracy and control. Turkey’s Presidency of Religious Affairs, Egypt’s Ministry of Religious Endowments, the European Council for Fatwa and Research, the International Union for Muslim Scholars, the Muslim Spiritual Directorate of Kazakhstan, and the China Islamic Association are thus all manifestations of bureaucratization of Islam.

We particularly invite papers that address the following questions:

  • To what ends do governments and other organizations bureaucratize Islam? To what extent are those ends achieved?
  • How does bureaucratization of Islam change local religious landscapes? Do new bureaucracies privilege certain groups over others? If so, does such privileging promote uniformity or sharpen divisions in the local Muslim population?
  • To what extent can we speak of a diffusion of bureaucratization of Islam? Does bureaucratization in one country prompt, shape, or discourage bureaucratization in another one? Do these bureaucracies communicate with one another? If so, what are the consequences, both for local religious life and international religious networks?

    We welcome papers that explore these questions from comparative or theoretical perspectives. Conference participants are invited to address these questions in the context of any relevant country, region, or organization(s)—and from disciplinary approaches spanning political science, law, history, sociology, anthropology, religious studies, and Islamic Studies.

    This workshop is organized as part of the program of the ZiF research group “Balancing Religious Accommodation and Human Rights in Constitutional Frameworks.” Please visit our website for more information about the group’s research, members, and events.

    Submission of Abstracts

    Those interested in exploring these questions are invited to submit abstracts of around 300-­‐500 words (addressing also the sourcematerial and methodology used), and biographical information of ~150 words to Aaron Glasserman (aaron.glasserman[at]gmail.com) no later than 10 August 2014. Applicants should include their name as a header on the page(s) submitted. Acceptance notifications will be sent by 20 August 2014. Travel subsidies and accommodation will be provided for paper presenters.



Citer ce billet
Chargé de diffusion scientifique (2014, 27 juin). Appel à communications : Workshop “Bureaucratization of Islam in Muslim States and Societies”, Center for Interdisciplinary Research (ZIF), Université de Bielefeld (Allemagne), 23-24/10/2014 — LIMITE : 20/08/2014. IISMM. Consulté le 23 mai 2024, à l’adresse https://doi.org/10.58079/pyea

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